Periodontics in Brooklyn

Periodontics is a field of expertise in dentistry, and the dentist that practices this is called a periodontist. It comes from a Greek term that means around the teeth, that includes gum (gingiva), periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Infections in these areas of the teeth are called periodontal diseases one of the most common is gingivitis.

Most people have heard this term, and most people have had it at one point in time of their life. Gingivitis is an infection in the gums; the soft tissue around the teeth, bleeding gums and swelling of the gums are the first signs that there are bacteria hiding. It is important to treat gingivitis even though it may seem a small matter and doesn’t bother you.

If the proper care is not taken the infection can spread causing more problems in the support structures of the jaw and eventually your teeth will loosen to the point that they need to be extracted. It has been found that the bacteria in plaque is the leading cause of gingivitis and a 1999 study revealed that more than half of all Americans (over 30 million) had the first signs of gingivitis.

Plaque is a sticky substance that forms on the teeth and eventually hardens into calculus or tater just below the gum line. When this has happens scaling or root planning is the treatment. Scaling removes the tater then planning remove any still left while smoothing out the surface, it help reduce plaque build up again since plaque is most likely to stick to a rough spot.

Research is finding out that there could also be links from gum disease to other health problems such as:

 
  • Atherosclerosis and heart disease — Gum disease may increase the risk of clogged arteries and heart disease. The extent of this connection is unclear. Gum disease also is believed to worsen existing heart disease.
     
  • Stroke — Gum disease may increase the risk of the type of stroke that is caused by blocked arteries.
     
  • Premature births — A woman who has gum disease during pregnancy may be more likely to deliver her baby too early. The infant may be more likely to be of low birth weight. One study showed that up to 18% of premature, low-birth-weight babies might be linked to the mother's gum disease.
     
  • Diabetes — Diabetic patients with periodontal disease may have more trouble controlling their blood sugar than diabetic patients with healthy gums.
     
  • Respiratory disease —Gum disease may cause lung infections and worsen existing lung conditions. This is particularly important for elderly adults in institutions such as nursing homes. In this group, bacteria from the mouth may reach the lungs and may cause severe pneumonia.
     

How to prevent Periodontal Disease

Brush three times daily with fluoride toothpaste

Floss at least once a day to remove plaque built up

Get dental checkups and cleanings

Periodontics Implants Bensonhurst
8700 25th Ave
Brooklyn, NY 11214
(718) 333-3446